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Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma

Global Initiative on Asthma (GINA)

In partnership with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the World Health Organization (WHO), GINA publishes a Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention (updated yearly):

Asthma Yardsticks

Recommendations from the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology provide practical, concise, evidence-based documents to assist with every day clinical decision-making.

Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (2007)

The Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3) are a set of recommendations for ideal asthma management. EPR-3 provides guidance for selecting treatment based on a patient's individual needs and level of asthma control.

The guidelines emphasize that while asthma can be controlled, the condition can change over time and differs among individuals and by age groups. Thus, it is important to monitor the patient's level of asthma control regularly so that treatment can be adjusted as needed.

The full set of guidelines can be viewed at the NHLBI website , or you can view the summary report.

Here are the 6 key messages from the EPR-3 Asthma Guidelines.

Most Important:

1) Inhaled corticosteroids are the most effective anti-inflammatory medication for long term management of persistent asthma.

All patients should receive:

2) Written asthma action plan
3) Initial assessment of asthma severity
4) Review of the level of asthma control (impairment and risk) at all follow up visits
5) Periodic, follow up visits (at least every 6 months)
6) Assessment of exposure and sensitivity to allergens and irritants and recommendation to reduce relevant exposures.
Here are the 4 more key messages from the EPR-3 Asthma Guidelines as identified by the Quality Improvement and Asthma Care Subcommittee of AIM.

All patients should also receive:

7) Asthma education by a qualified health professional
8) Referral to an asthma specialist, when appropriate
9) Education regarding the danger of over-use of short-acting beta-agonists
10) Information regarding risk factors for death from asthma.

Watch a presentation on the new asthma guidelines and how they have changed from EPR2.

The Asthma Initiative of Michigan has also put together an "Essential Information" brochure that is free for download and use. This brochure contains the tables "Components of severity," "Components of Control," and the "Stepwise Approach for Managing Asthma." For more information, please refer to the actual guidelines. information from 2007 guidelines

Essential Information Trifold (8.5 x 11 size)

Essential Information Trifold (11 x 17 size)

Other Essential Information and Tables from the Expert Panel Report include:

Classifying Severity, Control, and Stepwise Treatment Guidelines excerpted from Expert Panel Report-3

Asthma Medication Dose Grids for Long Term Control and Quick Relief Medications excerpted from Expert Panel Report-3

Validated instruments for Assessment and Monitoring Asthma excerpted from Expert Panel Report-3

The CDC and National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) have put together a resource for health care professionals called Key Clinical Activities for Quality Asthma Care. This booklet was developed to improve the implementation of the NHLBI guidelines, and contains key clinical activities in the areas of diagnosis, classification, follow-up care, specialty care, education, comorbidities, medications, asthma action plans, and self-management of asthma.

The Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium (MQIC) provides guidelines recommending general principles and key clinical activities for the diagnosis and management of asthma.