A written asthma action plan detailing for the individual patient the daily management (medications and environmental control strategies) and how to recognize and handle worsening asthma is recommended for all patients; it is particularly recommended for patients who have moderate or severe asthma, a history of severe exacerbations, or poorly controlled asthma. The written asthma action plan can be either symptom or peak-flow based; evidence shows similar benefits for each (EPR-3, p. 278).
Components and Distribution
A written asthma
action plan, developed jointly by the health care provider
and the patient, will help the patient manage his or her asthma.
There are many different asthma action plan formats. Some
examples are included on this site. It is important make
an Asthma Action Plan that works well for you!
Emergency Department Asthma Discharge Instructions (F.L.A.R.E. Plan)
A comprehensive and concise tool to help patients receive
discharge instructions based on NAEPP Guidelines for asthma management.
Asthma Action Plan in Spanish
Electronic Asthma Action Plan – These action plans were prepared by the University of Michigan Health System.
National Institutes of Health Asthma Action/Management Plan
– for adults
Adult Asthma Action Plans in Chinese, Haitian Creole, Khmer, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Vietnamese
Simple Asthma Action Plan
Simple Asthma Control Plan for Child
Student Asthma Action/Management Plan
Child Care Asthma Action/Management Plan
Asthma Action Plan with red, yellow and green zones
– for children
No matter what plan you use, all Asthma Action Plans should have the following components:
A copy of a patient's asthma action plan should be:
- Recommended doses and frequencies of daily medications
- How to adjust medicines at home in response to particular signs, symptoms, and peak flow measurements
- Listing of the patient's Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) levels, including personal
best PEF, and calculated PEF zones based on personal best. PEF monitoring is recommended for moderate to severe asthma only.
- Symptoms indicating the need for closer monitoring or acute care
- Emergency telephone numbers for the doctor, emergency department, rapid transportation, and family/friends for support
- A list of triggers that may cause an asthma attack. This can help inform others and the patient of what
triggers to avoid.
- Carried with the patient
- Kept in the patient's medical chart
- Provided to the patient's day care, school, or work site
- Provided to the patient's coach/physical education teacher
- Provided to other contacts of the patient as needed.
Tips on getting the most out of your asthma check-ups.